Basic Stitches used in Cross Stitching Embroidery

cross stitchOne of the easiest and interesting stitches to learn is Cross Stitching. It begins with a simple X shape stitch that is repeated several times forming a design. Counted cross stitch designs are made with the help of a chart or grid where each square has a symbol that represents one stitch. Once you learn this kind of stitching, you will simply love the rhythm and endless opportunities that it offers. There are different kinds of stitches used in cross stitching embroidery. Amongst them, quarter stitches, half stitches and three-quarter stitches are known as Partial stitches since they are a part of cross stitching. Fractional stitches, on the other hand, are recommended for experienced stitchers and these are called advanced stitches. Read on to know about basic stitches for cross stitching embroidery.

  • Half stitch – This type of stitch moves from one corner of the fabric to the opposite corner. Half stitch is diagonal in shape and some designs use this stitch for adding texture to the shadow and background.
  • Quarter Stitch – Quarter stitch is somewhat similar to half stitch, however it is half in length and extends into the center of stitching square. These stitches are used to complete a three quarter stitch or form details that has been stitched in other colors.
  • Three Quarter Stitch – Three Quarter stitch can be used to form curved design lines. This type of stitch makes it easier for adding detail to the “blocky” look of traditional cross stitching.
  • Back Stitch – This type of stitch is a straight stitch used for lettering or outlining. These stitches are used for adding finer details to the design, forming lines and outlining shapes.
  • French Knot – The French Knot is known as a popular decorative stitch used in cross stitch to add more details. French knots look superb when clustered together for creating texture, or serving individually as a center of a flower, or animal eyes on the design you are stitching.

Make sure you are aware how to use necessary tools and supplies to make your cross stitching project successful. If you are a beginner or an experienced stitcher, seek advice of an expert when learning cross stitching to master these skills within a short time.